Just a quick note, if you find changing your default permalinks to something prettier is not working in your WAMP environment you may need to make an edit in your httpd.conf file.
Open the httpd.conf file with a text editor and search for rewrite. You will be looking for the following line:
#LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so
Just remove the leading # and save the file. (The # makes the line read as a comment.) You may need to restart your WAMP services, I suggest simply exiting the program and re-starting it no matter the case if configuration files are modified.